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常见的电脑英语查询

发布时间:2009-09-27 16:30:17  来源:电脑技术学习网
【摘要】: 常见的电脑英语查询

3DNow!(3D no waiting)
3DPA(3D Positional Audio,3D定位音频)
3DS(3D SubSystem,三维子系统)
ABS(Auto Balance System,自动平衡系统)
AC(Audio Codec,音频多媒体数字信号编解码器)
ACOPS: Automatic CPU OverHeat Prevention System(CPU过热预防系统)
ACPI(Advanced Configuration and Power Interface,先进设置和电源管理)
AE(Atmospheric Effects,雾化效果)
AFR(Alternate Frame Rendering,交替渲染技术)
AGAS(Anti Glare Anti Static Coatings,防强光、防静电涂层)
AGP: Accelarated Graphic Port(加速图形端口),一种CPU与图形芯片的总线结构
AGU(Address Generation Units,地址产成单元)
AH: Authentication Header,鉴定文件头
AHA(Accelerated Hub Architecture,加速中心架构)
AL: Artificial Life(人工生命)
ALU(Arithmetic Logic Unit,算术逻辑单元)
AMR(Audio/Modem Riser,音效/数据主机板附加直立插卡)
AMR(Audio/Modem Riser;音效/调制解调器主机板附加直立插卡)
Anisotropic Filtering(各向异性过滤)
API(Application Programming Interfaces,应用程序接口)
APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller(高级程序中断控制器)
APM(Advanced Power Management,高级能源管理)
APPE(Advanced Packet Parsing Engine,增强形帧解析引擎)
ARP(Address Resolution Protocol,地址解析协议)
ASC(Anti Static Coatings,防静电涂层)
ASC(Auto-Sizing and Centering,自动调效屏幕尺寸和中心位置)
ASCII(American Standard Code for Information Interchange,美国国家标准信息交换代码)
ASIC: Application Specific Integrated Circuit(特殊应用积体电路)
ASK IR(Amplitude Shift Keyed Infra-Red,长波形可移动输入红外线)
ASMO(Advanced Storage Magneto-Optical,增强形光学存储器)
ASPI(Advanced SCSI Program Interface, 高级SCSI编程接口。它定义了当和SCSI主机适配器通讯时应用程序使用的一系列软件命令)
AST(Average Seek time,平均寻道时间)
ATA(AT Attachment,AT扩展型)
ATAPI(AT Attachment Packet Interface)
ATC(Access Time from Clock,时钟存取时间)
ATL: ActiveX Template Library(ActiveX模板库)
ATM(Asynchronous Transfer Mode,异步传输模式)
ATOMM(Advanced super Thin-layer and high-Output Metal Media,增强形超薄高速金属媒体)
ATX: AT Extend(扩展型AT)
Auxiliary Input(辅助输入接口)
AV(Analog Video,模拟视频)
AVI(Audio Video Interleave,音频视频插入)
Back Buffer,后置缓冲
Backface culling(隐面消除)
BASIC:Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code(初学者通用指令代码)
Battle for Eyeballs(眼球大战,各3D图形芯片公司为了争夺用户而作的竞争)
BCF(Boot Catalog File,启动目录文件)
Benchmarks:基准测试程序数值
BGA(Ball Grid Array,球状矩阵排列)
BGA(Ball Grid Array,球状矩阵排列)
BGA: Ball Grid Array(球状网格阵列)
BHT(branch prediction table,分支预测表)
BIF(Boot Image File,启动映像文件)
Bilinear Filtering(双线性过滤)
BIOS(Basic Input/Output System,基本输入/输出系统)
BLA: Bearn Landing Area(电子束落区)
BMC(Black Matrix Screen,超黑矩阵屏幕)
BOD(Bandwidth On Demand,弹性带宽运用)
BOPS:Billion Operations Per Second,十亿次运算/秒
bps(bit per second,位/秒)
BPU(Branch Processing Unit,分支处理单元)
Brach Pediction(分支预测)
BSD(Berkeley Software Distribution,伯克利软件分配代号)
BSRAM(Burst pipelined synchronous static RAM,突发式管道同步静态存储器)
BTB/C: Branch Target Buffer/Cache (分支目标缓冲)
C2C: card-to-card interleaving,卡到卡交错存取
CAD: computer-aided design,计算机辅助设计
CAM(Common Access Model,公共存取模型)
CAS(Column Address Strobe,列地址控制器)
CBR(Committed Burst Rate,约定突发速率)
CC: Companion Chip(同伴芯片),MediaGX系统的主板芯片组
CCD(Charge Coupled Device,电荷连接设备)
CCIRN: Coordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networking,洲
CCM(Call Control Manager,拨号控制管理)
cc-NUMA(cache-coherent non uniform memory access,连贯缓冲非统一内存寻址)
CCS(Cut Change System)
CCT(Clock Cycle Time,时钟周期)
CDR(CD Recordable,可记录光盘)
CD-ROM/XA(CD-ROM eXtended Architecture,唯读光盘增强形架构)
CDRW(CD-Rewritable,可重复刻录光盘)
CDSL: Consumer Digital Subscriber Line(消费者数字订阅线路)
CE(Consumer Electronics,消费电子)
CEM(cube environment mapping,立方环境映射)
Center Processing Unit Utilization,中央处理器占用率
CEO(Chief Executive Officer,首席执行官)
CG(Computer Graphics,计算机生成图像)
CGI(Common Gateway Interface,通用网关接口)
CHRP(Common Hardware Reference Platform,共用硬件平台,IBM为PowerPC制定的标准,可以兼容Mac OS, Windows NT, Solaris, OS/2, Linux和AIX等多种操作系统)
CIEA: Commercial Internet Exchange Association,商业因特网交易协会
CIR(Committed Infomation Rate,约定信息速率)
CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computing,复杂指令集计算机)
CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computing,复杂指令集计算机)
CISC: Complex Instruction Set Computing(复杂指令结构)
Clipping(剪贴纹理)
CLK(Clock Cycle,时钟周期)
Clock Synthesizer,时钟合成器
CLV(Constant Linear Velocity,恒定线速度)
CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor(互补金属氧化物半导体)
CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor,互补金属氧化物半导体
CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor,互补金属氧化物半导体
COB(Cache on board,板上集成缓存)
COB(Cache on board,板上集成缓存)
COD(Cache on Die,芯片内集成缓存)
COD(Cache on Die,芯片内集成缓存)
COM: Component Object Model(组件对象模式)
COMDEX : Computer Distribution Exposition(计算机代理分销业展览会)
compressed textures(压缩纹理)
Concurrent Command Engine,协作命令引擎
COO(Chief Organizer Officer,首席管理官)
CP: Ceramic Package(陶瓷封装)
CPGA(Ceramic Pin Grid Array,陶瓷针型栅格阵列)
CPGA(Ceramic Pin Grid Array,陶瓷针型栅格阵列)
CPGA: Ceramic Pin Grid Array(陶瓷针脚网格阵列)
CPS: Certification Practice Statement(使用证明书)
CPU(Center Processing Unit,中央处理器)
CPU: Centerl Processing Unit(中央处理器)
CPU:Center Processing Unit,中央处理器
CRC: Cyclical Redundancy Check(循环冗余检查)
CRT(Cathode Ray Tube,阴极射线管)
CS(Channel Separation,声道分离)
CSE(Configuration Space Enable,可分配空间)
CSS(Common Command Set,通用指令集)
CSS: Cascading Style Sheets,层叠格式表
CTO(Chief Technology Officer,首席技术官)
CTS(Carpal Tunnel Sydrome,计算机腕管综合症)
CTS(Clear to Send,清除发送)
CVS(Compute Visual Syndrome,计算机视觉综合症)
DAC(Digital to Analog Converter,数模传换器)
DAC: Dual Address Cycle, 双重地址周期
DAE(digital Audio Extraction,数据音频抓取)
Data Forwarding(数据前送)
DB: Deep Buffer(深度缓冲)
DB: Device Bay,设备插架
DBS-PC: Direct Broadcast Satellite PC(人造卫星直接广播式PC)
DCD: Document Content Description for XML: XML文件内容描述
DCE: Data Circuit Terminal Equipment,数据通信设备
DCOM: Distributing Component Object Model,构造物体模块
DCT: Display Compression Technology(显示压缩技术)
DDC:Display Data Channel,显示数据通道
DDR SDRAM(Double Date Rate,双数据率SDRAM)
DDSS II(Double Dynamic Suspension System II,第二代双层动力悬吊系统)
DDSS(Double Dynamic Suspension System,双悬浮动态减震系统)
DEC(Direct Etching Coatings,表面蚀刻涂层)
Decal(印花法,用于生成一些半透明效果,如:鲜血飞溅的场面)
Decode(指令解码)
DES: Data Encryption Standard,数据加密标准
DFL(Dynamic Focus Lens,动态聚焦)
DFP(Digital Flat Panel,数字式平面显示器)
DFS(Digital Flex Scan,数字伸缩扫描)
DFS: Dynamic Flat Shading(动态平面描影),可用作加速
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,动态主机分配协议
DIB(Dual Independent Bus,双独立总线)
DIB: Dual Independent Bus(双重独立总线),包括L2cache总线和PTMM(Processer To Main Memory,CPU至主内存)总线
DIC: Digital Image Control(数字图像控制)
Digital Multiscan II(数字式智能多频追踪)
DIL(dual-in-line)
DIMM(Dual In-line Memory Modules,双重内嵌式内存模块)
DIR(Direct Rendering Infrastructure,基层直接渲染)
Directional Light,方向性光源
DiscWizard(磁盘控制软件)
Dithering(抖动)
DLP(digital Light Processing,数字光处理)
DLS-2(Downloadable Sounds Level 2,第二代可下载音色)
DMA(Direct Memory Access,直接内存存取)
DME: Direct Memory Execute(直接内存执行)
DMF: Distribution Media Format
DMI(Desktop Management Interface,桌面管理接口)
DMT: Discrete Multi - Tone,不连续多基频模式
DNA: Distributed Internet Application(分布式因特网应用程序)
DNS(Domain Name System,域名系统)
DOCSIS(Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications,线缆服务接口数据规格)
DOF(Depth of Field,多重境深)
DOSD: Digital On Screen Display(同屏数字化显示)
Dot Pitch(点距)
dot texture blending(点型纹理混和)
Double Buffering(双缓冲区)
DP: Dual Processing(双处理器)
DPC(Desktop PC,桌面PC)
DPMS(Display Power Management Signalling,显示能源管理信号)
DQL(Dynamic Quadrapole Lens,动态四极镜)
DRAM(Dynamic Random Access Memory,动态随机存储器)
DRDRAM(Direct RAMbus DRAM,直接RAMbus内存)
DS3D(DirectSound 3D Streams)
DSD(Direct Stream Digital,直接数字信号流)
DSL(Down Loadable Sample,可下载的取样音色)
DSL: Data Strobe Link,数据选通连接
DSP(Digital Signal Processing,数字信号处理)
DST(Drive Self Test,磁盘自检程序)
DTD: Document Type Definition,文件类型定义
DTE: Data Terminal Equipment,数据终端设备
DVD(Digital Video Disk,数字视频光盘)
DVI(Digital Video Interface,数字视频接口)
DX: 指包含数学协处理器的CPU ECC: Error Check Correct(错误检查纠正)
DxR: DynamicXTended Resolution(动态可扩展分辨率)
DXTC(Direct X Texture Compress,DirectX纹理压缩,以S3TC为基础)
Dynamic Z-buffering(动态Z轴缓冲区),显示物体远近,可用作远景
EAX(Environmental Audio Extensions,环境音效扩展技术)
EB(Expansion Bus,扩展总线)
EBR(Excess Burst Rate,超额突发速率)
EC(Embedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)
EC(Embedded Controller,微型控制器)
ECC(Error Checking and Correction,错误检查修正)
ECC: Elliptic Curve Crypto(椭圆曲线加密)
ECRS: Entry Call Return Stack(回叫堆栈),代替RAM存储返回地址.
E-DDC(Enhanced Display Data Channel,增强形视频数据通道协议,定义了显示输出与主系统之间的通讯通道,能提高显示输出的画面质量)
Edge Anti-aliasing,边缘抗锯齿失真
E-EDID(Enhanced Extended Identification Data,增强形扩充身份辨识数据,定义了电脑通讯视频主系统的数据格式)
EEPROM(Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM,电擦写可编程只读存储器)
EFEAL(Extended Field Elliptical Aperture Lens,可扩展扫描椭圆孔镜头)
EIDE(enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics,增强形电子集成驱动器)
EISA(Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture,增强形工业标准架构)
Embedded Chips(嵌入式)
EMI(Electromagnetic Interference,电磁干扰)
EMP: Emergency Management Port,紧急事件管理端口
environment mapped bump mapping(环境凹凸映射)
EPIC(explicitly parallel instruction code,并行指令代码)
EPIC: Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing(清晰平行指令计算),是一 个64位指令集
ERP(estimated retail price,估计零售价)
ERP: Enterprise Requirement Planning,企业需求计划
ES(Energy Star,能源之星)
ESCD(Extended System Configuration Data,可扩展系统配置数据)
ESDJ(Easy Setting Dual Jumper,简化CPU双重跳线法)浩鑫
ESP: Encapsulating Security Payload,压缩安全有效载荷
Execute Buffers,执行缓冲区
Extended Burst Transactions,增强式突发处理
Extended Stereo(扩展式立体声)
FADD(Floationg Point Addition,浮点加)
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions(常见问题回答)
FAT(File Allocation Tables,文件分配表)
FBC(Frame Buffer Cache,帧缓冲缓存)
FCPGA(Flip Chip Pin Grid Array,反转芯片针脚栅格阵列)
FDBM(Fluid dynamic bearing motors,液态轴承马达)
FDC(Floppy Disk Controller,软盘驱动器控制装置)
FDD(Floppy Disk Driver,软盘驱动器)
FDIV(Floationg Point Divide,浮点除)
FDM: Frequency Division Multi,频率分离
FEMMS:Fast Entry/Exit Multimedia State,快速进入/退出多媒体状态
FEMMS:Fast Entry/Exit Multimedia State,快速进入/退出多媒体状态
FFT(fast Fourier transform,快速热欧姆转换)
FID(FID:Frequency identify,频率鉴别号码)
FIFO(First Input First Output,先入先出队列)
FIFO:First Input First Output,先入先出队列
FIR(finite impulse response,有限推进响应)
FireWire(火线,即IEEE1394标准)
Flat(平面描影)
flip double buffered(反转双缓存)
flip-chip(芯片反转)
FLOP(Floating Point Operations Per Second,浮点操作/秒)
Flow-control流控制
FM(Frequency Modulation,频率调制)
FM: Flash Memory(快闪存储器)
FMD ROM (Fluorescent Material Read Only Memory,荧光质只读存储器)
FMUL(Floationg Point Multiplication,浮点乘)
fog table quality(雾化表画质)
Fog(雾化效果)
FPU(Float Point Unit,浮点运算单元)
FPU: Floating-point Processing Unit(浮点处理单元)
FPU:Float Point Unit,浮点运算单元
FR(Frequence Response,频率响应)
Frames rate is King(帧数为王)
FRC: Frame Rate Control(帧比率控制)
FRC: Functional Redundancy Checking (冗余功能检查,双处理器才有这项特性)
FRICC: Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee,联邦调查因特网协调委员会
Front Buffer,前置缓冲
FSAA(Full Scene Anti-aliasing,全景抗锯齿)
FSB: Front Side Bus,前置总线,即外部总线
FSE(Frequency Shifter Effect,频率转换效果)
FSUB(Floationg Point Subtraction,浮点减)
FTP(File Transfer Protocol,文件传输协议)
FWH( Firmware Hub,固件中心)
GART(Graphic Address Remappng Table,图形地址重绘表)
GDI(Graphics Device Interface,图形设备接口)
Ghost:(General Hardware Oriented System Transfer,全面硬件导向系统转移)
Gigabyte
GMCH(Graphics & Memory Controller Hub,图形和内存控制中心)
GMR(giant magnetoresistive,巨型磁阻)
Gouraud Shading,高洛德描影,也称为内插法均匀涂色
GPF(General protect fault,一般保护性错误)
GPIs(General Purpose Inputs,普通操作输入)
GPS(Global Positioning System,全球定位系统)
GPU(Graphics Processing Unit,图形处理器)
GTF(Generalized Timing Formula,一般程序时间,定义了产生画面所需要的时间,包括了诸如画面刷新率等)
GUI(Graphics User Interface,图形用户界面)
GVPP(Generic Visual Perception Processor,常规视觉处理器)
HAL(Hardware Abstraction Layer,硬件抽像化层)
hardware motion compensation(硬件运动补偿)
HCI: Host Controller Interface,主机控制接口
HCT:Hardware Compatibility Test,硬件兼容性测试
HDA(head disk assembly,磁头集合)
HDSL: High bit rate DSL,高比特率数字订阅线路
HDTV(high definition television,高清晰度电视)
HEL: Hardware Emulation Layer(硬件模拟层)
HiFD(high-capacity floppy disk,高容量软盘)
high triangle count(复杂三角形计数)
HL-PBGA: 表面黏著,高耐热、轻薄型塑胶球状矩阵封装
HL-PBGA: 表面黏著,高耐热、轻薄型塑胶球状矩阵封装
HPS(High Performance Server,高性能服务器)
HPW(High Performance Workstation,高性能工作站)
HRTF(Head Related Transfer Function,头部关联传输功能)
HTA: HyperText Application,超文本应用程序
HTML(HyperText Markup Language,超文本标记语言)
HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol,超文本传输协议)
HVD(High Voltage Differential,高分差动)
I/O(Input/Output,输入/输出)
I/O: Input/Output(输入/输出)
IA(Intel Architecture,英特尔架构)
IA: Intel Architecture(英特尔架构)
IA:Intel Architecture,英特尔架构
IAB: Internet Activities Board,因特网工作委员会
ICD(Installable Client Driver,可安装客户端驱动程序)
ICH(Input/Output Controller Hub,输入/输出控制中心)
ICMB: Inter-Chassis Management Bus, 内部管理总线
ICMP(Internet Control Message Protocol,因特网信息控制协议)
ICU(Instruction Control Unit,指令控制单元)
ID:identify,鉴别号码
ID:identify,鉴别号码
IDCT(Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform,非连续反余弦变换,GeForce的DVD硬件强化技术)
IDE(Integrated Drive Electronics,电子集成驱动器)
IDF(Intel Developer Forum,英特尔开发者论坛)
IETF(Internet Engineering Task Framework,因特网工程任务组)
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程作业推动
IEU(Integer Execution Units,整数执行单元)
IHVs:Independent Hardware Vendors,独立硬件购买者
IID(Interaural Intensity Difference,两侧声音强度差别)
IIR(infinite impulse response,无限推进响应)
IKE: Internet Key Exchange,因特网密钥交换协议
IMAP4: Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4,第四版因特网信息存取协议
IMM: Intel Mobile Module, 英特尔移动模块
IMM: Intel Mobile Module, 英特尔移动模块
Immediate Mode,直接模式
INF File(Information File,信息文件)
INI File(Initialization File,初始化文件)
Instruction Coloring(指令分类)
Instructions Cache,指令缓存
Interactive 3D Audio(交互式3D音效)
Interactive Around-Sound(交互式环绕声)
Internet(因特网)
IP(Internet Protocol,网际协议)
IPC(Instructions Per Clock Cycle,指令/时钟周期)
IPPR: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition(图像处理和模式识别)
IR(infrared ray,红外线)
IrDA(infrared ray,红外线通信接口可进行局域网存取和文件共享)
IRQ(Interrupt Request,中断请求)
IS: Internal Stack(内置堆栈)
ISA(instruction set architecture,工业设置架构)
ISA(instruction set architecture,指令集架构)
ISA: Industry Standard Architecture,工业标准架构
ISDN(Integrated Service Digital Network,综合服务数字网络)
ISO/MPEG: International Standard Organization's Moving Picture Expert Group(国际标准化组织的活动图片专家组)
ISOC: Internet Society,因特网协会
ISP(Internet Service Provider,因特网服务提供商)
ISVs:Independent Software Vendors,独立软件购买者
ITD(Interaural Time Difference,两侧声音时间延迟差别)
JIT: Just In Time,准时制生产
JVM: Java Virtual Machine, Java虚拟机
KBC(KeyBroad Control,键盘控制器)
KNI(Katmai New Instructions,Katmai新指令集,即MMX2)
KNI(Katmai New Instructions,Katmai新指令集,即SSE)
L1cache: Level1(一级)高速缓存,通常是集成在CPU中的,但现在也有把L2cache 集成在CPU中的设计,如:Pentium2 LB: Linear Burst(线性突发),是Cyrix 6x86采用的特殊技术.
L2TP(Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol,二级通道协议)
LAN(Local Area Network,局域网)
large textures(大型纹理)
Latency(潜伏期)
LBA(Logical Block Addressing,逻辑块寻址)
LCD(liquid crystal display,液晶显示屏)
LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon(硅上液晶)
LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol,轻权目录访问协议
LDT(Lightning Data Transport,闪电数据传输总线)
LED(light emitting diode,光学二级管)
LF(Linear Filtering,线性过滤,即双线性过滤)
lighting(光源)
lightmap(光线映射)
LMDS: Local Multipoint Distributed System,局域多点分布式系统
Local Interconnect(局域互连)
Local Peripheral Bus(局域边缘总线)
LOM(LAN-on-Montherboard)
L-SAGIC(Low Power-Small Aperture G1 wiht Impregnated Cathode,低电压光圈阴极管)
LVD(Low Voltage Differential)
LVD(Low Voltage Differential,低分差动)
LVDS: Low Voltage Differential Signal(低电压差动信号)
MADD: 乘法-加法指令
MAG: 乘法-累加指令,两浮点相乘后再和另一浮点数相加,可显著提高3D图形运算速度
MALS(Multi Astigmatism Lens System,多重散光聚焦系统)
MBR(Master Boot Record,主引导记录)
MDA(Monochrome Adapter,单色设备)
MDC(Mobile Daughter Card,移动式子卡)
MESI(Modified, Exclusive, Shared, Invalid:修改、排除、共享、废弃)
MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes(微软基础类库)
MFD: Multi Function Device(多功能设备)
MFLOPS(Million Floationg Point/Second,每秒百万个浮点操作)
MHz(Million Hertz,兆赫兹)
MHz: 工作频率的单位兆赫兹(Mega Hertz),1GHz=1000MHz
MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface(乐器数字接口)
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension,多用途因特网邮件扩展协议
MIOC: Memory and I/O Bridge Controller,内存和I/O桥控制器
MiPad(Multimodal Interactive Notepad,多语态互动式记事本)
mipmapping(MIP映射)
MIPS(Million Instruction Per Second,百万条指令/秒)
MIPS: Million Instructions per Second(每秒钟百万条指令),是CPU速度的一个参 数,当然是越大越好
MMU(Multimedia Unit,多媒体单元)
MMVF(Multi-Media Video File,多媒体视频文件)
MMX(MultiMedia Extensions,多媒体扩展指令集)
MMX: Multimedia Extensions(这个大家应该很熟悉了,这种CPU有57新的64位指令, 是自386以来的最大变化,另外还有SIMD架构等)
MMX:MultiMedia Extensions,多媒体扩展指令集
MNP: Microcom Networking Protocal
MODEM(Modulator Demodulator,调制解调器)
Modulate(调制混合)
motion blur(模糊移动)
Motion Compensation,动态补偿
MP(Multi-Processing,多重处理器架构)
MPGA: Micro PGA,散热和体积都比TCP小
MPP(Massive Parallel Processing,巨量平行处理架构)
MPPS:Million Pixels Per Second,百万个像素/秒
MPS(MultiProcessor Specification,多重处理器规范)
MRH-R(Memory Repeater Hub,内存数据处理中心)
MRH-S(SDRAM Repeater Hub,SDRAM数据处理中心)
MRP II: Manufacturing Resource Planning,制造资源计划
MRP: Material Requirement Planning,物料需求计划
MRS(Midrange Server,中型服务器)
MRW(Midrange Workststion,中型工作站)
MS: Magnetic Sensors(磁场感应器)
MSN: Microsoft Network,微软网络
MSP: Media Stream Processor(媒体流处理器)
MSRs(Model-Specific Registers,特别模块寄存器)
MTBF(Mean Time Before Failure,平均故障时间)
MTH(Memory Transfer Hub,内存转换中心)
MTVPAK(Microsoft TV Platform Adaptation Kit,微软TV平台适配套件)
Multi Threaded Bus Master,多重主控
Multi-Resolution Mesh,多重分辨率组合
Multitexture(多重纹理)
MUX: Data Path Multiplexor,多重路径数据访问
NAOC(no-account OverClock,无效超频)
NAT(Network Address Translation,网络地址转换)
NBC: North Bridge Chip(北桥芯片)
NC(Network Computer,网络计算机)
NDA: non-DWORD-aligned ,非DWORD排列
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification,网络驱动程序接口规范
NDS: Novell Directory Service,Novell目录服务
nerest Mipmap(邻近MIP映射,又叫点采样技术)
NGIO(Next Generation Input/Output,新一代输入/输出标准)
NI:Non-Intel,非英特尔
NI:Non-Intel,非英特尔
NT(New Technology,新技术)
OFDM(orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,直角频率部分多路复用)
OJI: Open Java VM Interface,开放JAVA虚拟机接口
OLGA(Organic Land Grid Array,基板栅格阵列)
OoO(Out of Order,乱序执行)
OPT: Optimized Production Technology,优化生产技术
Overdraw(透支,全景渲染造成的浪费)
P3P(Privacy Preference Project,个人私隐安全平台)
P64H(64-bit PCI Controller Hub,64位PCI控制中心)
Parallel Processing Perspective Engine(平行透视处理器)
partial texture downloads(并行纹理传输)
PC(Perspective Correction,透视纠正)
PCAV(Part Constant Angular Velocity,部分恒定角速度)
PCB(printed circuit board,印刷电路板)
PCBA(Printed Circuit Board Assembly,印刷电路板装配)
PCI SIG(Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group,互连外围设备专业组)
PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect,互连外围设备
PDA(Personal Digital Assistant,个人数字助理)
PDS: Public Directory Support,公众目录支持
PGA: Pin Grid Array(引脚网格阵列),耗电大,适用用台式机
PGA: Pin-Grid Array(引脚网格阵列),耗电大
PGA: Pin-Grid Array(引脚网格阵列),耗电大
PGC(Parallel Graphics Configuration,并行图像设置)
PGP: Pretty Good Privacy,优良保密协议
PIB(Processor In a Box,盒装处理器)
PIB: Processor In a Box(盒装处理器)
PIC(Programmable Interrupt Controller,可编程中断控制器)
PICS: Platform for Internet Content Selection,因特网内容选择平台
PIIX: PCI ISA/IDE Accelerator(加速器)
PIM: Personal Information Management,个人信息管理系统
pin: CPU的针脚 PLL: Phase Lock Loop(阶段锁定)
PIO(Programmed Input Output,可编程输入输出模式)
PIROM:Processor Information ROM,处理器信息ROM
pixel(Picture element,图像元素,又称P像素,屏幕上的像素点)
PLEDM: Phase-state Low Electron(hole)-number Drive Memory
PNP: Plug and Play,即插即用
POF: Polymer Optical Fiber,聚合体光纤
point light(一般点光源)
point sampling(点采样技术,又叫邻近MIP映射)
POP3: Post Office Protocol Version 3,第三版电子邮局协议
Porous Tungsten(活性钨)
POST(Power On Self Test,加电自测试)
Post-RISC
PPGA(Plastic Pin Grid Array,塑胶针状矩阵封装)
PPGA(Plastic Pin Grid Array,塑胶针状矩阵封装)
PPTP: Point to Point Tunneling Protocol,点对点通道协议
PQFP(Plastic Quad Flat Package)
PQFP(Plastic Quad Flat Package,塑料方块平面封装)
PR(Performance Rate,性能比率)
PR: P-rating,是一种额定性能指数,以Winstone 96测试为基本(PR2用Winstone97), 如PR-75即相当于奔腾75 RISC: Reduced Instruction Set Computing(精简指令结构),是相对于CISC而言的 ROB: Reorder Buffer(重新排序缓冲区)
Precise Pixel Interpolation,精确像素插值
PRML(Partial Response Maximum Likelihood,最大可能部分反应,用于提高磁盘读写传输率)
Procedural textures(可编程纹理)
PSE36: Page Size Extension 36-bit,36位页面尺寸扩展模式
PSN(Processor Serial numbers,处理器序列号)
PSN(Processor Serial numbers,处理器序列号)
PSU(Power Supply Unit,计算机电源)
PXB: PCI Expander Bridge,PCI增强桥
QBM(Quad Band Memory,四倍边带内存)
QEM(Qsound Environmental Modeling,Qsound环境建模扬声器组)
Qos: Quality of Service,服务质量
QPA: Quad Port Acceleration(四接口加速)ABP: Address Bit Permuting,地址位序列改变
RAC(Rambus Asic Cell,Rambus集成电路单元)
RADSL: Rate Adaptive DSL,速率自适应数字订阅线路
RAMDAC(Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter,随机存储器数/模转换器)
RARP(Reverse Address Resolution Protocol,反向地址解析协议)
RAS(Row Address Strobe,行地址控制器)
Raw PCM: Raw Pulse Code Modulated(元脉码调制)
RAW(Read after Write,写后读)
RCG: RAS/CAS Generator,RAS/CAS发生器
RDF: Resource Description Framework,资源描述框架
RDRAM(Rambus Direct RAM,直接型RambusRAM)
Reflection mapping(反射贴图)
Register Contention(抢占寄存器)
Register Pressure(寄存器不足)
Register Renaming(寄存器重命名)
REMA:Realtime Exclusive Mode Applications,实时高级应用
Remark(芯片频率重标识)
render(着色或渲染)
Resource contention(资源冲突)
Retirement(指令引退)
RF(Radio Frequency,无线电频率)
RIMM(RAMBUS In-line Memory Modules,RAMBUS内嵌式内存模块)
RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computing,精简指令集计算机)
RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computing,精简指令集计算机)
RMA: RealMedia Architecture(实媒体架构)
RNG(Random number Generator,随机数字发生器)
RPM(Rotation Per Minute,转/分)
RRVP: Resource ReserVation Protocol(资源保留协议)
RSA(Rivest Shamir Adlemen,一种因特网加密和认证体系)
RSD: Removable Storage Device(移动式存储设备)
RSDS: Reduced Swing Differential Signal(小幅度摆动差动信号)
RTC: Real Time Clock(实时时钟)
RTOS(Real Time Operating Systems,实时操作系统)
RTS(Request To Send,需求发送)
RTSP: Real Time Streaming Protocol(实时流协议)
S.M.A.R.T.(Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology,自动监测、分析和报告技术)
S/MIME: Secure MIME,安全多用途因特网邮件扩展协议
S/PDIF(Sony/Phillips Digital Interface,索尼/飞利普数字接口)
S3(Sight、Sound、Speed,视频、音频、速度)
S3TC(S3 Texture Compress,S3纹理压缩,仅支持S3显卡)
S3TL(S3 Transformation & Lighting,S3多边形转换和光源处理)
SACD(Super Audio CD,超级音乐CD)
SAM(sales available market,可发售市场)
SAP(Sideband Address Port,边带寻址端口)
SBA(Side Band Addressing,边带寻址)
SBC: South Bridge Chip(南桥芯片)
SBFS: Simple Boot Flag Specification,简单引导标记规范
SC(Screen Coatings,屏幕涂层)
SC: Static Core(静态内核)
SCMA:SCSI Configured Auto Magically,SCSI自动配置
Screen Buffer(屏幕缓冲)
SCSI(Small Computer System Interface,小型计算机系统接口)
SCT:Software Compatibility Test,软件兼容性测试
SDK(Software Development Kit,软件开发工具包)
SDR SDRAM(Single Date Rate,单数据率SDRAM)
SDTV(Standard Definition Television,标准清晰度电视)
Seagate硬盘技术
SeaShield(防静电防撞击外壳)
SEC: Single Edge Connector,单边连接器
SEC: Single Edge Connector,单边连接器
SEC: Single Edge Contact(单边接触盒),是Intel的Pentium2CPU封装盒
SEM(spherical environment mapping,球形环境映射)
SET: Secure Electronic Transaction(安全电子交易)
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language,标准通用标记语言
SGRAM(synchronous graphics RAM,同步图形随机储存器)
Shading,描影
Shadow Mask(阴罩式)
Shallow-trench isolation(浅槽隔离)
SIMD(Single Instruction Multiple Data,单指令多数据流)
SIMD:Single Instruction Multiple Data,单指令多数据流
Single Ended(单终结)
Single Pass Multi-Texturing,单通道多纹理
SiO2F(Fluorided Silicon Oxide,二氧氟化硅)
SiO2F(Fluorided Silicon Oxide,二氧氟化硅)
SIS: Switched Internetworking Services(交换式网络互联服务)
SIV: System Information Viewer(系统信息观察)磐英
SKIP: Simple Key Exchange Internet Protocol,因特网简单密钥交换协议
SLI(Scanline Interleave,扫描线间插,3Dfx的双Voodoo 2配合技术)
Slot 1: Pentium2的主板结构形式,外部总线频率66MHz
Slot 2: Intel下一代芯片插座,处部总线频率达100MHz以上,有更大的SEC,主要用途是 服务器,同时可安装4个CPU SMM: System Management Mode(系统管理模式),是一种节能模式
SMA: Share Memory Architecture,共享内存结构
Smart Filter(智能过滤)
SMB: System Management Bus(全系统管理总线)
SMD: Surface Mount Device,表面安装设备
SMI(System Management Interrupt,系统管理中断)
SMIL: Synchronous Multimedia Integrate Language(同步多媒体集成语言)
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)
SMP(Symmetric Multi-Processing,对称式多重处理架构)
SMP:GSymmetic Multi-Processor
SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol,简单邮件传输协议)
SNMP(Simple Network Management Protocol,简单网络管理协议)
SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio,信噪比)
SOAC(System On a Chip,系统集成多功能芯片)
Socket 7: 奔腾级(经典Pentium和P55C)CPU的插座,外部总线频率83.3MHz
Socket 8: 高能奔腾级CPU的插座,外部总线频率66MHz SP: Scratch Pad(高速暂存区)
SO-DIMM(Small Outline Dual In-line Memory Modules,小型双重内嵌式内存模块)
soft reflections(柔和反射)
soft shadows(柔和阴影)
SOI: Silicon-on-insulator,绝缘体硅片
SOI: Silicon-on-insulator,绝缘体硅片
SONC(System on a chip,系统集成芯片)
SOS(Server Operating Systems,服务器操作系统)
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,串行存在检查)
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,内存内部序号检测装置)
SPEC(System Performance Evaluation Corporation,系统性能评估测试)
spot light(小型点光源)
SPS(Shock Protection System,抗震保护系统)
SQRT(Square Root Calculations,平方根计算)
SRA(Symmetric Rendering Architecture,对称渲染架构)
SRAM(Static Random Access Memory,静态随机存储器)
SRAM: Static Random Access Momory(静态随机存储器)

SRR: Segment Register Rewrite(区段寄存器重写)
SRS: Sound Retrieval System(声音修复系统)
SSB: Super South Bridge,超级南桥芯片
SSE(Streaming SIMD Extensions,单一指令多数据流扩充)
SSE(Streaming SIMD Extensions,单一指令多数据流扩展)
SSTL-2(Stub Series Terminated Logic-2)
STA(SCSI Trade Association,SCSI同业公会)
STB(Set Top Boxes,电视顶置盒)
STD(Suspend To Disk,磁盘唤醒)
Stencil Buffers(模板缓冲)
STR(Suspend To RAM,内存唤醒)
Stream Processor(流线处理)
SUA(Single User Account,单用户帐号)
Super Intelligent Sound ASIC(超级智能音频集成电路)
SUPER-7: 增加形Socket 7,外部总线频率100MHz,AGP,L2/L3cache,PC98,100MHzSDRAM
Superscalar(超标量体系结构)
SuperScaler Rendering,超标量渲染
Surround Sound(环绕立体声)
SVR: Switching Voltage Regulator(交换式电压调节)
SX: 指无数学协处理器的CPU
S端子(Seperate)
T&L(Transform and Lighting,多边形转换与光源处理)
TBFB(Tile Based Frame Buffer,碎片纹理帧缓存)
T-Buffer(T缓冲,3dfx Voodoo4的特效,包括全景反锯齿Full-scene Anti-Aliasing、动态模糊Motion Blur、焦点模糊Depth of Field Blur、柔和阴影Soft Shadows、柔和反射Soft Reflections)
TCA(Twin Cache Architecture,双缓存结构)
TCO: Total Cost of Ownership,拥有总成本
TCP(Transmission Control Protocol,传输控制协议)
TCP: Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小
TCP: Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小
TCP: Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小,适用于笔记本式电脑.
TDP: Triton Data Path(数据路径)
TDT(Timeing Detection Table,数据测定表)
texel(T像素,纹理上的像素点)
Texture Fidelity(纹理真实性)
Texture Modes,材质模式
texture swapping(纹理交换)
TFT(thin film transistor,薄膜晶体管)
THD+N(Total Harmonic Distortion plus Noise,总谐波失真加噪音)
Throughput(吞吐量)
TICRG: Tungsten Impregnated Cathode Ray Gun(钨传输阴级射线枪)
TLB(Translate Look side Buffers,翻译旁视缓冲器)
TLB: Translation Look side Buffer(翻译旁视缓冲器)
TLBs(Translate Look side Buffers,翻译旁视缓冲器)
TMIPM: Trilinear MIP Mapping(三次线性MIP材质贴图)
TPS:transactions per second,每秒处理事项数
TQM: Total Quality Management,全面质量管理
Transformation(三角形转换)
Transparency(透明状效果)
Trilinear Filtering(三线性过滤)
TSC: Triton System Controller(系统控制器)
TSID( Technical Support Identification Number,技术支持代码)
TSOPs(thin small outline packages,超小型封装)
TTL(Transistor-Transistor Logic,晶体管to晶体管逻辑电路)
UART(Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter,通用异步接收/发送装置)
UCC(Ultra Clear Coatings,超清晰涂层)
UDP(User Datagram Protocol,用户数据报协议)
ULS: User Location Service,用户定位服务
Ultra DMA(Ultra Direct Memory Access,超高速直接内存存取)
UMA(Unified Memory Architecture,统一内存架构)
UPA: Ultra Port Architecture,超级端口结构
UPT(USB、PANEL、LINK、TV-OUT四重接口)芯片组
USB(Universal Serial Bus,通用串行总线)
USDM(Unified System Diagnostic Manager,统一系统监测管理器)
USWC(Uncacheabled Speculative Write Combination,无缓冲随机联合写操作)
USWV(Uncacheable, Speculative, Write-Combining非缓冲随机混合写入)
VAGP: Variable Aperature Grille Pitch(可变间距光栅)
VALU(Vector Arithmetic Logic Unit,向量算术逻辑单元)
VBI: Vertical Blanking Interval(垂直空白间隙)
VBI: Vertical Blanking Interval,垂直空白间隔
VCD(Video CD,视频CD)NNTP: Network News Transfer Protocol,网络新闻传输协议
VCMA(Virtual Channel Memory architecture,虚拟通道内存结构)
VDT(Video Display Terminals,视频显示终端)
VEFAT: Virtual File Allocation Table(虚拟文件分配表)
Vertex Lighting(顶点光源)
Vertical Interpolation(垂直调变)
VID(Voltage Identification Definition,电压识别认证)
VIP(Video Interface Port,视频接口)
ViRGE: Video and Rendering Graphics Engine(视频描写图形引擎)
Visualize Geometry Engine,可视化几何引擎
VLIW(Very Long Instruction Word,超长指令字)
VLIW(Very Long Instruction Word,超长指令字)
VOD: Video On Demand,视频点播
Voxel(Volume pixels,立体像素,Novalogic的技术)
VPN: virtual private network, 虚拟局域网
VPU(Vector Permutate Unit,向量排列单元)
VPU(vector processing units,向量处理单元,即处理MMX、SSE等SIMD指令的地方)
VQTC(Vector-Quantization Texture Compression,向量纹理压缩)
VRM (Voltage Regulator Module,电压调整模块)
VRML:Virtual Reality Makeup Language,虚拟现实结构化语言
VRR: Vertical Refresh Rate(垂直扫描频率) AAT(Average access time,平均存取时间)
VSIS(Video Signal Standard,视频信号标准)
v-sync(同步刷新)
VXML(Voice eXtensible Markup Language,语音扩展标记语言)
VxD,Virtual device drivers,虚拟设备驱动程序
VMA: Unified Memory Architecture(统一内存架构),系统内存和显示内存用
Vcc2 为CPU内部磁心提供电压 Vcc3(CLK) 为CPU的输入和输出信号提供电压
VLIW: Very Long Instruction Word(极长指令字)
VRE: Voltage Reduction Enhance(增强形电压调节)
VSA: Virtual System Architecture(虚拟系统架构)
Write-Back(写回): 是L1cache一种工作方式
Write-Though(写通): 是L1cache一种工作方式  
WDM(Windows Driver Model,视窗驱动程序模块)
WfM: Wired for Management,有线管理
WG(Wave Guide,波导合成)
WHQL: Microsoft Windows Hardware Quality Lab(微软公司视窗硬件质量实验室)
WHQL: Windows Hardware Quality Labs,Windows硬件质量实验室
WHS: Windows Scripting Host,视窗脚本程序
Winsock: Windows Socket,视窗套接口
WMI(Wired for Management Initiative,主动式管理线路)
WOL(Wake On Lan,局域网唤醒)
WT(Wave Table,波表合成)3D:Three Dimensional,三维
WWW(World Wide Web,万维网,是因特网的一部分)ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,不对称数字订阅线路
XML: Extensible Markup Language(可扩展标记语言)
XSL: Extensible Style Sheet Language(可扩展设计语言)
Z Buffer(Z缓存)ADIMM(advanced Dual In-line Memory Modules,高级双重内嵌式内存模块)
ZAM: Zero Administration for Windows,零管理视窗系统
ZIF: Zero Insertion Force, 零插力

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